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psychnology Tables of Contents: 010203040506070809101112

PsychNology Journal 9

Editors:Luciano Gamberini; Giuseppe Riva; Anna Spagnolli
Standard No:ISSN 1720-7525
Links:www.psychnology.org | Table of Contents
  1. psychnology 2011 Volume 9 Issue 1
  2. psychnology 2011 Volume 9 Issue 2

psychnology 2011 Volume 9 Issue 1

Pervasive Technologies for Energy Awareness

Designing persuasive applications to motivate sustainable behavior in collectivist cultures BIBAKPDF 7-28
  Hiroaki Kimura; Tatsuo Nakajima
Until now, many kinds of persuasive applications have been developed, and most of which are used by individuals for personal benefits, example includes better healthcare, better lifestyle and so on. However, one application area that is yet to be explored effectively is persuading users for preserving shared resources including environmental conservation. Unlike existing persuasive applications, these applications do not aim personal benefits and consequently requires radically different persuasion techniques. In this paper, we apply knowledge of cross-cultural understanding to this kind of persuasive applications. We introduce five design strategies for persuasive applications that could be used especially in collectivist cultures. These strategies are organizing group, anonymity, mutual surveillance, development of mutual aid, and combine use of positive and negative feedback. By sharing our experiences of building persuasive application for reducing CO2 emissions named EcoIsland, we expose how these five design strategies could be applied in persuasive applications. The application encourages users to do eco-friendly activities for reducing CO2 by offering game like feedback. The results of our experiment that recruited 6 families / 20 persons and took 4 weeks show that two design strategies, mutual surveillance and combine use of positive and negative feedback worked effectively based on the number of eco-friendly activities one participant in each household reports and questionnaires.
Keywords: individualist, collectivist, behavior change, persuasive technology, green activity, sustainability, cultural difference
The design space of personal energy conservation assistants BIBAKPDF 29-41
  Jörn Loviscach
There are many routes to reduce one's energy footprint, ranging from picking the right means of transportation to switching off the heating when leaving a room to choosing seasonal local food. Many of these options, however, cannot be selected in an automated fashion, but require a deliberate decision. Pervasive computer systems may support this process, acting as personal energy conservation assistants. Such solutions can be characterized by a range of properties including the degree of obtrusiveness, data privacy, and coordination with utilities or domestic power generators. Along with discussing dimensions of the design space, this paper points out existing approaches and avenues for future research.
Keywords: energy efficiency, pervasive computing, persuasive computing
Kilograms or cups of tea: Comparing footprints for better CO2 understanding BIBAKPDF 43-54
  Jorge Luis Zapico; Mona Guath; Marko Turpeinen
Individuals are now often presented information about greenhouse gases in their everyday life. However, there seems to be a gap between this increase in the exposure to carbon dioxide information and the understanding of how to interpret it, making behavioral change difficult. This article presents examples of how different applications have dealt with this problem by representing the carbon dioxide information in different ways. Based on the existing examples, an application called carbon.to was developed and released. This service tries to improve the understanding of carbon dioxide information by simulation in a playful way. Feedback from the users points towards that the gap in understanding existed and that carbon.to was successful in helping closing it.
Keywords: carbon dioxide, climate change, graphic design, visualizations, persuasion, sustainability
Smart meters: A users' view BIBAKPDF 55-72
  Daniel J. Kerrigan; Luciano Gamberini; Anna Spagnolli; Giulio Jacucci
Smart meters are assumed to support energy conservation thanks to the information provided to the energy utilities; however, given their pervasive presence in consumers' homes, they could also provide feedback to the consumers/users. The present paper considers a precondition to this latter possibility, namely that the meter interface be usable to lay consumers. The study involved 40 participants, who were videorecorded while performing a set of reading tasks with the smart meter installed in their house, with or without the help of the users' manual; they were also asked to fill in a questionnaire to evaluate the meter after the task series. The tasks allowed to test the meter's interface on a series of typical usability dimensions: effectiveness, efficiency, comprehensibility, memorability. The results of the analysis pinpoint the importance of some aspects of the interface which can guide the improvement of the meters' usability: they are related to the terminology used, the actionability of the information provided, the navigability of its information system and the self-explanatoriness of the data displayed.
Keywords: smart meter, usability, interface

psychnology 2011 Volume 9 Issue 2

Scientometrics of Deception, Counter-deception, and Deception Detection in Cyber-space BIBAKPDF 79-122
  Frank Stech; Kristin E. Heckman; Phil Hilliard; Janice R. Ballo
The concepts of deception, counter-deception, and deception detection in the cyber-space domain have been the subject of little systematic analysis. Our objective was to conduct scientometric analyses of these concepts in the cyber-space domain. We observed the following: Although various deceptive tactics are addressed in the cyber-security literature, it appears they are characterized more from the standpoint of technology than from their social, behavioral, or cognitive elements; these cyber-tactics are not mapped into the classic components of denial and deception tactics; there is no conventional terminology to describe the phenomenon of deception in cyber-space; classic deception domain terminology is rarely used; and classic deception domain researchers are rarely cited. These observations suggest that cyber-deception is an emerging field.
Keywords: scientometrics, cyber-deception, cyber-counter-deception, cyber-deception detection, deception, cyber-space
Designing Integration of Sharing, Messaging, and Awareness for Mobile Users BIBAKPDF 123-135
  Giulio Jacucci
Recently we witness a variety of social software that can be used in mobile settings. We here discuss how the integration of functionality such as messaging, media sharing and awareness cues involves several challenges that go beyond simple aggregation. We present the iterative design and evaluation of mobile social software that integrates aspects of the above areas. The first version called mGroup proposes stories as common messaging spaces and collections that both serve messaging and media sharing. In the second prototype CoMedia awareness cues are integrated in the platform within stories and in contact lists. We reflect on the qualities of openness, multiplicity and continuity of functionality and discuss the multiple roles of integrated features in the appropriations of users.
Keywords: mobile groups, group messaging, field study, events, spectators
SQUARELAND: A virtual environment for investigating cognitive processes in human wayfinding BIBAKPDF 137-163
  Kai Hamburger; Markus Knauff
We introduce a new virtual environment (VE) called SQUARELAND, consisting of a 10x0 block maze, which allows for all kinds of investigations in human wayfinding. It enables researchers to quickly implement experiments on indoor- and outdoor wayfinding, including variations of route length, route complexity, availability of landmarks, etc. The basic setup was programmed with the freeware GoogleSketchUp®). We would like to invite the spatial cognition community to adopt this standardized and highly controllable research tool or at least parts of it, since this could improve comparability and reproducibility of different effects in wayfinding/navigation.
Keywords: wayfinding, virtual environment, landmarks, salience, spatial cognition, cognitive maps, learning spatial information, psychology
Complexity in an uncertain and cosmopolitan world. Rethinking personal health technology in diabetes with the Tag-it-Yourself BIBAKPDF 165-185
  Cristiano Storni
This paper reports on a project aimed at improving our understanding of self-care practices and technology, and at designing solutions to support everyday self-management in chronic disease. Diabetes type 1 self-care practices are here discussed as an illustration of complex issues increasingly seen in our society. Drawing on some literature from Science and Technology Studies and from empirical evidence from an ethnographic study of self-care practice in diabetes, this paper suggests to rethink some of the assumptions of the traditional medical model and shows how these seem to be taken for granted in the design of patient-care systems. In particular, it argues for an approach that acknowledges the uncertainties of chronic self-care and so the need to avoid normative approaches that give voices to the clinical and scientific aspects of the disease but tend to silence the lay perspective of the patient. The idea of cosmopolitanism is introduced to suggest the need to support -- by design -- different perspectives and expertise in self-care practices. This idea invites us to connect the advantages of different ways of knowing a complex matter by seeking complementarity, integration, dialogues and negotiations among the involved stakeholders. In line with this proposed approach, the paper introduces the Tag-it-Yourself journaling system enabling the personalization of self-monitoring practices in diabetes, and an improved visibility of the patient's perspective, concerns and knowledge.
Keywords: patient care, self-care, chronic-disease self-management, mobile health, complexity, uncertainty, cosmopolitanism