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ISW Tables of Contents: 0506070809101112131415-115-2

Companion Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Open Collaboration

Fullname:Companion Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Open Collaboration
Editors:Dirk Riehle
Location:San Francisco, California
Dates:2015-Aug-19 to 2015-Aug-21
Standard No:ISBN: 978-1-4503-3706-9; ACM DL: Table of Contents; hcibib: ISW15
Links:Conference Website | Online Proceedings
  1. ISW 2015-08-19 Volume 2
    1. Doctoral symposium
    2. Industry and community track
    3. Keynotes and invited talks/papers

ISW 2015-08-19 Volume 2

Doctoral symposium

Collaborative systems with applications for social good BIBAFull-Text 1
  Rakshit Agrawal
Crowdsourcing and collaborative systems have become an important part of Computer Science system deployments. The research discussed in this paper designs and explores the use of collaborative systems for crowdsourced user participation in different kinds of tasks. Application focus of projects discussed here is mostly towards social good. This paper provides an overview of my research objectives and approach, and identifies my work on both usability of systems as well as data specific definitions for them. Acknowledging the importance of user participation in development projects, I work on structuring systems in a way that they can extract best response from participants and help in the overall goal. The paper also describes my objectives to study user behavior based on their participation in various collaborative systems.
Volunteer management in open source communities BIBAFull-Text 2
  Ann Barcomb
Open source community management is largely ad-hoc and relies on practitioner guides. Yet there is a great deal of information about volunteer management in the general volunteering literature, open source literature and general volunteering guides which could be relevant to open source communities if it were categorized and validated. Bringing these different sources of information together also reveals gaps in our understanding of volunteer management in open source which I hope to address.
On the role of FOSS business models and participation architectures in supporting open innovation BIBAFull-Text 3
  Michelle W. Purcell
Most research regarding innovation in free and open source software (FOSS) pertains to identifying supporting conditions for promoting code contribution. This raises concerns about the ability of FOSS communities to remain innovative based only on the perspectives of developer-users. Preliminary research suggests different open source business models may provide motivation to support greater involvement of non-developer users. This research focuses on understanding the relationship between business model and supporting participation architectures, beyond users' code contributions, to enable user participation in design of the software.
The evolution of a digital ecosystem BIBAFull-Text 4
  SungyYong Um
I am studying the evolution of digital ecosystem, which is characterized as an ongoing recombination of heterogeneous digital components such as Application Programming Interface (API) provided by firms including a focal platform owner. I am focusing on the all versions of 23,985 WordPress plug-ins' source codes from 2004 to 2014. A generative model of network is applied to capture how network centrality and the hierarchical order of sub-network in a network change over time. The studies observe the distinct pattern of the co-evolution of digital ecosystems compared to other open systems.
Large scale, open cognitive collaboration of distributed crowds BIBAFull-Text 5
  Bei Yan
Drawing on communication, sociology and social psychology theories, my research focuses on large scale, open cognitive collaboration of distributed crowds. I study how individuals interact and collaborate with each other via mediated communication channels, applying social network analysis, conducting online experiments and utilizing big data dumps of online communities, such as Wikipedia, Stack Overflow, Github and Threadless.com.

Industry and community track

Collaborative OER course development: remix and reuse approach BIBAFull-Text 6
  Sheng Hung Chung; Ean Teng Khor
This paper presents the initiative of OER course development for the undergraduate course, Software Scalability and Reengineering using Wikibooks which was recently completed in Semester II, July 2014 in Wawasan Open University (WOU), Malaysia. The initiative presents the phases involved for the development of OER-based course materials namely the OER course integration using Wikibooks, evaluation of Quality Assurance (QA) in OER learning content and the design of OER course material. The learning design for the computing courses with engagement of learning experiences and feedbacks from different stakeholders in Open Distance Learning (ODL) environment are taken into consideration as one of the major components in the OER-based course development phases. The OER-based course comprises of course units, self-tests, unit practice exercises and activities focused on supporting distance learners to fulfill self-directed learning. Evaluations and studies are being carried out at end of the semester by the course team members on the primary aspects focusing on assessments and course learning outcomes. The OER course development has successfully carried out with the integration of four Wikibooks as major resources mainly "Introduction to Software Engineering", "A-Level Computing", "Embedded Systems" and "Embedded Control Systems Design" to promote the use and understanding of Wikibooks and building a learning community in ODL environment.
Social collaboration metrics BIBAFull-Text 7
  Manfred Langen
Social Media in the enterprise is widely introduced, and its benefit in general is not in doubt. But the arguments of better communication and improved networking of employees will not be sufficient in the long term. Today's metrics on registered users, number of visits or user generated content have to prove a relation to real business impact. Therefore, we at Siemens Corporate Technology developed the ICUP model (Impact, Connectedness, User engagement, Platform adoption) to close the gap between counting registered users and measuring business value.
Govwiki.US: an open directory of US local governments BIBAFull-Text 8
  Marc D. Joffe; Vadim Ivlev
This submission describes a new open source, open data web site we are planning to interface with Wikipedia.

Keynotes and invited talks/papers

Artificial sentiment: using machines to manage public sentiment on social media at OpenSym 2015 BIBAFull-Text 9
  Richard Gabriel
Social media is where public opinion is happening: where it's born, where it grows / matures, and where it dies. In this talk I review techniques and approaches for machine processing of public sentiment on social media: how to analyze and understand it, how to react to it, and how to influence it. The age of artificial intelligence is upon us.
Collaborative authoring, evolution, and personalization for a "transdisciplinary" textbook BIBAFull-Text 10
  Robert J. Glushko
This article is a case study about a book titled The Discipline of Organizing, which proposes a transdisciplinary synthesis of ideas from library and information science, computer science, informatics, cognitive science, business, and other disciplines that "intentionally arrange collections of resources to enable interactions with them."
   This case study discusses the interrelationships between the transdisciplinary goal for the book, the process of collaborative authoring required to write it, the novel architecture of the book's content, and the innovative reading experiences in print and ebook formats that are enabled.
   The idea that a new discipline is contextualized by more specific concepts and methods inevitably led to a collaboratively-authored book whose design embodies this intellectual architecture. The book's content is organized as a transdisciplinary core with supplemental content identified by discipline. This content model creates a "family of books" with thousands of siblings, any of which can be published in print or as an ebook by filtering on the disciplinary attributes.
   This "design-time" customization has been extended to enable "reading-time" personalization for ebook formats. In addition, the rich semantic markup that enables customization and personalization is fodder for further experimentation about "smart textbooks" that can be continuously made smarter by dynamic discovery and inclusion of content.
Applying machine learning to programs BIBAFull-Text 11
  Peter Norvig
Certain tasks, such as recognizing speech, or correcting spelling errors, are now routinely handled with machine learning algorithms. But most tasks are handled the old fashioned way, with programmers writing code line by line. Machine learning algorithms work by amassing large numbers of examples and extracting patterns from them. We certainly have amassed a large number of examples of code; what can algorithms, and we, learn from them?
Barriers and pathways to successful collaboration BIBAFull-Text 12
  Anthony Wasserman
Effective collaboration is essential to virtually every human endeavor, since there are relatively few significant tasks that can be accomplished by a single individual. Successful collaboration efforts can be ascribed to a shared vision, strong and charismatic leadership, and the ability to overcome technical, organizational, and personal obstacles to achieving the project's objective(s). At the same time, there are many barriers that can make these efforts fail. While these barriers can't always be overcome, the chances of success are greatly improved if people are aware of the various challenges and take steps to anticipate them in advance. This talk addresses these issues, and draws examples from the FLOSS community, from startups, and from other disciplines.